If an atom has an outer shell that is not full, it may bond with another atom, using the electrons to complete its outer shell. These types of atoms are known as free radicals. Free radicals break cells down over time. As the body ages, it loses its ability to fight the effects of free radicals. The result is more free radicals, more oxidative stress, and more damage to cells, which leads to degenerative processes, as well as “normal” aging.
Answer:In contrast to a mitotic division, which yields two identical diploid daughter cells, the end result of meiosis is haploid daughter cells with chromosomal combinations different from those originally present in the parent. In sperm cells, four haploid gametes are produced.