The city commission government was a local response to the Galveston Hurricane, in order to be more supportive with the people of Galveston - that is, those who survived it. This type of local government blended legislative and executive functions, in order to respond faster and effective to the needs of the people. It proved its governmental capability and therefore spread to other cities in Texas, as well as in other states.
Your answer would be All citizens could debate any issue. Athens and Sparta were the main empire's that influenced Ancient Greece. In Athens, the government focused on citizenship and education, while Sparta's government focused mainly on their military and ways they can make it stronger. Athens used a system, which is now called "democracy" and is considered being the birthplace of it. Democracy let's all the citizens in the empire vote for who they want as a ruler. They wanted all the citizens to have a chance to have control of what happens in the government, and give the citizens some power. They also allowed them to get their input on what's going on in the empire, and let them share their thoughts on certain issues. This took place in a big open auditorium. In the other hand, Sparta had two kings that ruled everyone, including the government. The citizens of Athens influenced the use of democracy and kept that system, but Sparta was not a democracy.
After emancipation, the most important institutions that African Americans created were black churches. Churches were considered the central point of freedom for former slaves. The church was also the first institution that was fully controlled by African Americans.
AN organization that changed the way African Americans saw opportunities for themselves is the f the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) which aimed to ensure that colored people had access to educational, economic and political opportunities. Individuals include Martin Luther King who led the civil rights campaign.