<span>A. Sir Ralph reacts in a dramatic, deeply unhappy way, creating an anguished mood.
Sir Ralph's reaction is to tear his hair and curse, setting the tone of anguish and despair. Also, the author adds the imagery of the waves crashing in around him and the ship sinking to reinforce that mood, showing just how anguished Sir Ralph really feels.</span>
Utopia and dystopia are genres of speculative fiction that explore social and political structures. Utopian fiction portrays a setting that agrees with the author's ethos, having various attributes of another reality intended to appeal to readers.