B. Punishment for sins corresponds to the actual sinful act.
Dante displays a vision of Hell that shows the religious and moral ideas of the Medieval times. This Hell is very efficient. It is isolated in nine circles, starting with limbo and at the base is Satan.
In this excerpt, the author uses emotional language such as "living in extreme poverty and unable to feed themselves or their families" because this type of detail moves the audience and makes people feel sorrow for Africans. This appeal is known as the pathos appeal or emotional appeal.
Besides this, the author relies on numbers and statistics to describe the situation in Africa, this can be seen in "300 million residents" or "One out of six". This use of numberS is based on logic and reasoning, which is part of the logos appeal or appeal to the logic. Thus, the correct answer is D.
c. "The damage was devastating! I saw my car lifted right off the ground.
In the sentence above, the author shows that the wind was strong enough to cause disasters and devastating effects in his community, in addition, the wind had a superhuman strength since the author was able to see his car being lifted from the ground. In this way, the author shows the existence of an abnormal wind, much stronger than what we are used to.
With this, the author reaffirms the force of nature and its devastating power, even appearing to be supernatural in some situations.