These systems can be found in the air, on land, and on the water. We’ll start… in the air. Hartsfield Jackson International Airport is located just 6 miles south of Downtown Atlanta. It began way back in 1925 as Candler Field, but is now named for two of Atlanta’s most influential mayor, William B. Hartsfield and Maynard Jackson. From its humble beginnings as tiny regional airport, it has grown tremendously in the years since. It has consistently been ranked as the world’s busiest airport- referring to the number of passengers that come through it- since 1998. Each year over 92 million passengers pass through Hartsfield Jackson: that’s over 200 thousand every…single… day. Many of these passengers come to Atlanta to do business, as well as visit, meaning the airport is crucial to the Atlanta and Georgia economy. Additionally, the airport itself employs thousands of people: for example, Delta Airlines has its international headquarters in Atlanta, and is responsible for over 75% of the traffic at the airport.
There are several major interstates that run through Georgia. Interstate-75 accounts for the longest stretch of interstate in Georgia. It runs from the border with Tennessee, south through Atlanta, to Macon, and to the Florida border. I-85 also runs north-to-south. It runs between the border of South Carolina, through Atlanta, and to the Alabama state line, just south of Lagrange. I-20 runs east to west, also between South Carolina and Alabama. It passes through Augusta and intersects with both I-75 and I-85 in Atlanta. To the South of Atlanta is Interstate 16. It connects Macon in central Georgia to the city of Savannah. And lastly , I-95 runs along the Georgia coast, connecting Florida with South Carolina. With the exception of I-16, all of these interstates connect Georgia with other states. This allows for great economic activity. Businesses can transports goods more easily to Georgia using the interstate than they could using local roads. Also, many good pass through Georgia from one state to another, and when the drivers of those goods have to stop for gasoline or food or to spend the night, there are plenty of businesses along the interstate to provide them with those goods or services. And you may also notice the orange lines on here. They represent spurs or bypasses. They do not connect directly with other sates, but they’re sill important in helping people and goods move through and around the state. They include I-575 in north Georgia, I-185 in west Georgia, I-475 around Macon, I-520 around Augusta, and- perhaps most famously- I-285 which circles the city of Atlanta.
There are also two major ports to know about: The port of Savannah and, to the south of that, the Port of Brunswick, both of which are managed by the Georgia Ports Authority. Located on both sides of the Savannah River, the Port of Savannah was one of the fastest-growing ports in the country in the first decade of the 21st century. It is a vital port for the importing and exporting of manufactured goods into the country. The Port of Brunswick is also very productive. Not only do shrimpers have a huge impact here, it is also a major port for in importation of automobiles from Europe AND from Asia. All of Georgia’s ports provide many thousands of jobs and economic benefits for both the area and for the state and the nation.