Internal evidence: a) originates outside of the client's system but has been received and processed by the client. b) consists o
f representations made by the client's officers, directors, owners and employees. c) is obtained directly from third parties independent of the client. d) consists of documents that are produced, used and stored within the client's internal processes and systems.
When distributing a third party research report to its clients, an investment adviser (IA) must disclose that there was a third party involved that prepared the report. This is because disclosing the reports origin is absolutely necessary and required by law when the person that prepared the report is anyone but the investment adviser. Mostly due to the fact that the clients place their trust in the investment adviser and are trusting him/her with their money.
D) Creating unique value for the customer through advanced technology, high-quality ingredients or components, product features, and superior delivery time.
This is because differentiation refers to creating and gaining a competitive advantage by establishing unique selling points of the products. All of the components of option D allows for creation of USPs and thus allows the product to standout. This is what differentiation is all about.
The other options do not discuss any advantage that would set apart a product in comparison to that of the competitors when compared on characteristics and not on costs.
To get internal rate of return we use excel or a spreadsheet. See document attached.
Make the cash flow to solve this problem. At moment 0 we have the investment cost , in this case $1.475.668 (negative) From period 1 to period 5, we have different incomes o benefits. Salvage value is 1.615.205, we are going to get it at moment 5 (positive).
Then, we calculate the Net cash flow that is the difference between benefits and cost.
We use all the result (positive and negative) in Net cash flow to get the IRR.