Globalization is a political process in which the most powerful nations make economic and financial decisions that affect the rest of the world. These decisions have impacted developing economies, producing negative and positive effects. Among the positive effects are the drive towards a new technology and sustainable development. The negative effects are based on the fact that globalization is a selective and unequal process. For this reason, developed countries benefit more from globalization because they protect their markets in products or sectors that they consider strategic for their economy, while low-developed countries are obliged through measures and sanctions to release all those sectors that are fundamental. for your economies. In this way the competition is not loyal, while the developing countries have to throw themselves into the arena of international trade without weapons, with their production unprotected; the industrialized countries have enormous barriers to protect their products.
How are Supreme Court cases decided in the United States?
A simple majority of the justices rule on each case.
Justices hear the argument of the case, then, they gather to discuss it. Each justice counts on one vote to each case. When at least five justices uphold one decision, that one becomes the “opinión” of the Court which represents the final precedent. The justice who has been in office for longer will write down the opinion of the Court. If the Chief Justice is among those five justices, he must write the opinion down.
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Civil laws include laws that deal with disputes between individuals or groups
Civil law constitutes a set of rules that protect and define the private right of citizens, cover areas of law such as torts, contracts, property and family laws; they also offer legal solutions for a dispute. This sort of law governs private matters apart from political, military or criminal matters.
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Judicial review refers to the power of the courts to determine if laws are constitutional.
The Judicial review is the principle by which acts of either the legislative branch or executive branch can be declared unconstitutional by courts.
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In a criminal case, after a person has been arrested they attend a preliminary hearing. What happens at this preliminary hearing?
The right option is “the jury is selected”
The Sixth Amendment to the US Constitution guaranteed the right to trial by jury in criminal case. So, the first step to take before making any decision regarding the case and the defendant when a case is called for trial, is a randomly selection of a panel o jurors who will be seated in the courtroom.
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Which of these is a power of the Legislative branch?
The right option is to declare war.
The Legislative Branch is the only which can create laws or change existing laws. However, the Constitution gives this branch other sorts of power including the power to declare war, among others such as the power to tax, borrow money, to regulate commerce with foreign nations and among states, to establish a post office, to raise and maintain an army and navy, and to to establish rules for the naturalization of foreigners seeking citizenship.
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The chief purpose of Congressional committees is to hold hearings so that bills can be evaluated and studied prior to voting
It means that Congressional Committees are in charge with screening and studying any proposed legislations (bills)
A special power delegated only to the Senate is bringing impeachment charges against the President or federal judges.
The Senate serves as jury and judge in those impeachments than only it can conduct, according to the Constitution.
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In legal proceedings, lower courts tend to have original jurisdiction, meaning they have the right to hear a case for the first time it has been presented in the legal system
The term jurisdiction refers to the “authority” to listen a legal case for the first time.