The right answer is D) nonslaveholding family farmers.
The planter group, making up less than 4 percent of the white men in the South, held more than half the slaves and produced most of the cotton, tobacco, and hemp and all of the sugar and rice. The number of slaveholders was only 383,637 out of a total white population of 8 million. But assuming that each family numbered five people than whites with some proprietary interest in slavery constituted 1.9 million, or roughly a fourth of the South’s white population. While the preponderance of southern whites belonged to the small farmer class, they tended to defer to the large planters and to share their white supremacist views.
Clark sees the Lakota people as savages not only because he considers their way of living as less developed than his own, but because the racist organization of the society was a requirement for the colonialist endeavor.
Although assimilation was the official government policy, the natives never really got the promised chance to preserve their way of life as long as they could adapt to new demands. The real goal was to take the natives' lands, and that could only be accomplished by spreading paternalistic and racist ideas such as the belief that the natives were savages.