Internal employee motivations or employee personality traits.
Remember, based on the context of this example, we notice here that, the two employees had different personalities, and thus affected their job selection.
Personality of an employee serves as internal motivation for certain job duties and may affect the quality of their work. Thus, recruitment staff should always strife to place the right person for the right job.
d) measures the amount of extra fixed costs planned for but not used
An unfavorable production-volume variance <u>measures the amount of extra fixed costs planned for but not used</u>. As per production-volume variance extra fixed costs planned for but not used has unfavorable production-volume variance.
When production-volume variance is unfavorable, that means the fixed cost are allocated on lesser number of manufactured units, hence it indicates that the fixed costs are not controlled well.