Anthony and Maelynn are watching a football game outside on a sunny day. Anthony is wearing a black shirt and Maelynn is wearing a white shirt. Anthony will be warmer after the game. The black color is a good absorber of radiation and a bad reflector.
The black color absorbs heat until a thermal equilibrium is attained. So, it is advisable to wear cotton clothes in summers not dark colored clothes.
Let us think of the classical theory first. In the classical theory, light is a wave that gives energy. This energy gradually helps the electron jump to a higher energy level. In quantum theory, this is wrong; an electron cannot absorb a small amout of energy because there is not close enough state to jump to with that energy; only very specific amounts of energy lead to a change in orbital levels/ absorbance of energy. Also, each pair of energy levels has a specific energy difference that is needed from an electron so that it can move. Hence, B is correct; all other sentences describe classical models of light-electron interactions