The correct answer is B. Hester and Dimmesdale made a foolish choice
Subjectivity refers to one's personal feelings, opinions or judgments, this means subjective statements emerge from personal perspectives rather than from evidence or information. In this case, the word "foolish" in the except shows the sentence "Heaster and Dimmesdale made a foolish choice" is subjective as it suggests the student who wrote this, believes the choice of Heaster and Dimmesdale was foolish according to his/her perspective, but it is probable it was not like that from the point of view of Hester and Dimmesdale or from the evidence, due to this "foolish decision" shows the personal appreciation of the student rather than facts or the perspective of Hester and Dimmesdale and this is why it shows a subjective meaning.
The correct answer is C) studying his individual experiences and arriving at a broad generalization. Paul Feldman quit his job as economist and started selling bagels at his former company and other workplaces based in an honor system. He left bagels and doughnuts in boxes and a tray for the money, he would later pick up the leftovers and the money. While he identified factors that increased or decreased the rate of people stealing, he came to the conclusion that most of the people, around 87% are honest and won't steal. Key factors for stealing included big offices, bad weather, holidays and unhappy employees. Key factors for being honest included smaller offices, good weather and a close connection to the person selling the food.
At the end his conclusion was that good people will be good no matter the circumstances and bad people will steal no matter how good the company they work for. Paul F has hope in mankind as his 20 year career selling bagels has demonstrated most people are good.