Explanation:.the device controlled the activation as shown by the water holding room temperature for 15 seconds until activation by crushing the pills. The temperature rose 30° over two minutes, showing a measurable exothermic reaction from the Calcium Chloride dissolving in the water. Pour 5mL water in a quart bag Place Thermometer in the bag to make contact Fill two gelatin 000 capsules with 1 gram of Calcium Chloride Place capsules into the bag Wait 15 seconds to crush the capsules while they are submerged in the water Temperatures - 0 Seconds 75° 15 Seconds - Activation 75° 30 Seconds 85° 60 Seconds 95° 90 Seconds 104° 120 Seconds 105° Test #2 For this trial, the variables of the water Calcium Chloride will be increased by the factor of one.
Explanation: In more detail, if you look at the periodic table, the group number (or columns) of the elements, describe how many valence electrons, or how many electrons the element has available to have a complete an electron shell. Magnesium being in group 2, it has one 2 electrons that will be "donated" to an anion that it bonds with. However, Chlorine being in group 17, (look at the single digit number for double digit groups), it has 7 valence electrons. Knowing that a full electron shell is usually 8 electrons, it needs only one. Since Magnesium has 2 valence electrons to give away, two atoms of Chlorine gas will then bind to the Magnesium, where the 2 Chlorine atoms will take the electrons to fill their shells. Magnesium Chloride, in terms of charges when in ions, [Mg]2+ and 2 [Cl]-1
I use this method to remember: Let's use A as the mass number, and A = protons + neutrons <span>Z is the atomic number, which is protons </span><span>To get neutrons, you subtract A from Z.</span> <span>So in this sense, neutrons = 18 - 8 = 10 I hope this helps with your work. :)</span>