Mitochondria is an organelle of a cell which is responsible for generating energy in the form of ATP molecules with the help of electron transport chain (ETC). In electron transport chain, electrons keep passing on from one complex to another and release energy. This energy is then used to generate ATPs. These ATPs are further used by our body to perform it's day to day metabolic activities.
Electricity is somehow similar to mitochondria in this regard. Electricity is produced by the movement of free electron of a metal. This electricity is then used to produce mechanical energy which can be utilized to do various activities. For example: The electrical energy in a circuit is converted into mechanical energy which is further used to move a fan.
The two statements which describe the production of soy sauce.
Option A. When soy sauce is made, yeast and mold help break down the sugars to produce various acids.
Option F. To produce soy sauce, yeast and a type of mold are added to a
mixture of soybeans, wheat, and salt.
Soy sauce is naturally prepared by artisanal brewing and fermentation. The basic ingredients used are soybeans, wheat and salt.
During the brewing process, microbes like mold, yeast or bacteria are added to the basic mixture to ferment. When mold is added to the basic mixture, it ferments and forms a mixture called koji.
Molds like Aspergillus soyae called the koji starter is commonly used. The enzymes present in the mold break the starch in the soy beans and wheat into simpler sugars, and proteins into amino acids, and fats into simpler lipids.
The koji is then treated with yeast and lactic acid bacteria which ferments the koji and forms the moromi which is then processed further to form soy sauce.
The enzymes of the yeast converts the simple sugars into alcohol, CO2 and other organic acids and elements which enhance the flavor of the sauce. Lactic acid bacteria takes the role of converting the sugars into organic acids like aspartic and glutamic acid, and other amines.
The correct answer is option D, that is, C30H52O26.
The majority of macromolecules are formed as single building blocks or subunits, known as monomers. The monomers attach to each other through covalent bonds to produce bigger molecules called polymers. In performing so, the monomers discharge molecules of water as byproducts. This kind of reaction is called dehydration synthesis.
In a dehydration synthesis reaction among the two un-ionized monomers, like monosaccharide sugars, the hydrogen of one monomer merges with the hydroxyl group of another monomer, discharging a water molecule in the process.
The withdrawal of a hydrogen from one monomer and the withdrawal of a hydroxyl from the other monomer permits the monomers to share electrons and produce a covalent bond. Therefore, the monomers, which are combined together are being dehydrated to permit for the production of a larger molecule.