Take a = 12 and b = 8
The 80% confidence interval for the the population mean nitrate concentration is (0.144, 0.186).
Critical value t=1.318
We have to calculate a 80% confidence interval for the mean.
The population standard deviation is not known, so we have to estimate it from the sample standard deviation and use a t-students distribution to calculate the critical value.
The sample mean is M=0.165.
The sample size is N=25.
When σ is not known, s divided by the square root of N is used as an estimate of σM:
The degrees of freedom for this sample size are:
The t-value for a 80% confidence interval and 24 degrees of freedom is t=1.318.
The margin of error (MOE) can be calculated as:
Then, the lower and upper bounds of the confidence interval are:
The 80% confidence interval for the population mean nitrate concentration is (0.144, 0.186).
The solution is (2,-3)
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