Answer:

For the drop down menu:

i) x + y

ii) z²

iii) ½ xy

The complete question related to this found on brainly (ID:16485977) is stated below:

Mario writes the equation (x+y)² = z² +4( 1/2 xy) to begin a proof of the Pythagorean theorem. Use the drop-down menus to explain why this is a true equation.

_____finds the area of the outer square by squaring its side length.

_____finds the area of the outer square by adding the area of the inner square and the four triangles.

These expressions are equal because they both give the areas of outer space.

Find attached the diagram of the question.

Step-by-step explanation:

Pythagoras theorem is a formula that shows the relationship between the sides of a right angled triangle.

Pythagoras theorem

Hypotenuse ² = opposite ² + adjacent ²

From the diagram of the question.

Hypotenuse = z

Opposite = y

Adjacent = x

z² = x² + y²

Area of outer square = area of inner square + 4(area of triangles)

area of inner square = length² = (x+y)²

Expanding area of the outer square:

(x+y)² = (x+y)(x+y) = x²+xy+xy+y²

(x+y)² = x²+y²+2xy

= z² + 2xy

Area of inner square = length² = z²

Area of triangle = ½ base × height

= ½ × x × y = ½ xy

Area of outer square = area of inner square + 4(area of triangles)

(x + y)² = z² + 4(½xy )

Therefore, it is a true equation.

( x + y )² finds the area of the outer square by squaring its side length.

z² + 4( 1/2xy ) finds the area of the outer square by adding the area of the inner square and the four triangles.

These expressions are equal because they both give the areas of outer space.

So for the drop down menu:

i) x + y

ii) z²

iii) ½ xy