The difference between point and the vertx is that a vertex can be used to create different geometric shapes and a point is always part of the shape.
Though Vertex and Point sound similar, they are different in many crude aspects. Vertex is defined as the meeting point of two sides, lines or any extended parts. The point, in turn, denotes the singular identity of a place.
Hence vertex can be used to draw any geometrical pattern. It can be done by extending or protruding the given body parts which would result in a new geometrical figure.
Points would constitute every part of that geometrical surface that we wish to identify.